International Journal of Statistika and Mathematika, ISSN: 2277- 2790 E-ISSN: 2249-8605
Volume 11, Issue 2, August 2014 pp 158-164
Cost- benefit analysis of two dissimilar warm standby system subject to failure due to tides and gravitational attractions with switch failure
Ashok Kumar Saini
Associate Professor, Department of Mathematics, B. L. J. S. College, Tosham, Bhiwani, Haryana, INDIA.
Academic Editor: Dr. Dase R. K.
Tidal power, also called tidal energy, is a form of hydropower that converts the energy of tides into useful forms of power, mainly electricity. Although not yet widely used, tidal power has potential for future electricity generation. Tides are more predictable than wind energy and solar power. Among sources of renewable energy, tidal power has traditionally suffered from relatively high cost and limited availability of sites with sufficiently high tidal ranges or flow velocities, thus constricting its total availability. However, many recent technological developments and improvements, both in design (e.g. dynamic tidal power, tidal lagoons) and turbine technology (e.g. new axial turbines, cross flow turbines), indicate that the total availability of tidal power may be much higher than previously assumed, and that economic and environmental costs may be brought down to competitive levels. Historically, tide mills have been used both in Europe and on the Atlantic coast of North America. The incoming water was contained in large storage ponds, and as the tide went out, it turned waterwheels that used the mechanical power it produced to mill grain. The earliest occurrences date from the Middle Ages, or even from Roman times. It was only in the 19th century that the process of using falling water and spinning turbines to create electricity was introduced in the U.S. and Europe. Two-unit standby system subject to environmental conditions such as shocks, change of weather conditions etc. have been discussed in reliability literature by several authors due to significant importance in defences, industry etc. In the present paper we have taken two-non-identical warm standby system with failure time distribution as exponential and repair time distribution as general. The Role of tidal energy generated due to tides and gravitational attractions under which the system operates plays significant role on its working. We are considering system under the influence of (i) tides and (ii) Gravitational attractions causing different types of failure requiring different types of repair facilities. Using semi Markov regenerative point technique we have calculated different reliability characteristics such as MTSF, reliability of the system, availability analysis in steady state, busy period analysis of the system under repair, expected number of visits by the repairman in the long run and gain-function and graphs are drawn.