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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109


Volume 3, Issue 1, 2012 pp 18-24


Research Article


Hydro Geochemical Processes in the Groundwater Environment of Vemula area, Kadapa District, South India

L. Chandra Sekhar Reddy1, S.M. Deshpande2 ., K.V. Ramana Reddy3 and K.R. Aher2

{1Department of Geology, 3Department of Chemistry} Loyola Degree College, Pulivendla-516390, Kadapa District (AP) INDIA

2Post Graduate Department of Geology, Institute of Science, Aurangabad- 431 004, (MS) INDIA

Academic Editor:  Dr. Pawar D.D.


Groundwater is the most precious gift of nature to living beings, particularly to the mankind and is essential for life.  In recent years, rapid development has created an increased demand for drinking water, which is increasingly being fulfilled by groundwater abstraction. Groundwater constitutes one of the principal sources of fresh water. Hence it assumes enormous importance in domestic as well as Industrial activities. In view of the groundwater being used for potable purpose, its quality remains one of the issues of concern. The present study was undertaken to assess major ion chemistry of ground water to understand geochemical evolution of groundwater and water quality for promoting sustainable development and effective management of groundwater resources. Sampling procedures and chemical analysis were carried out as per the standard methods.  A total of 19 water samples were collected and the water chemistry of various parameters viz. pH, EC, Total Hardness (TH), Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), calcium (Ca++), sodium (Na+), potassium (K+), carbonate (CO3-), bicarbonate (HCO3-), chloride (Cl-),  nitrate (NO3- ), and fluoride (F-) are carried out. A comparison of groundwater quality in relation to drinking water quality standards revealed that most of the samples are suitable for drinking purpose.