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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109


Volume 3, Issue 3, 2012 pp 71-76


Research Article


Hydrochemical Characteristics and Quality Assessment of Groundwater in Parts of Kannad, District Aurangabad (MS) INDIA.

G.D. Mahajan

 Groundwater Survey and Development Agency, District Office, Central Administrative Building, Aurangabad (MS) INDIA

Academic Editor:  Dr. Aher K. R.



An attempt has been made to appreciate the quality and the suitability of groundwater for drinking and irrigation. In order to attend this objective, a total of 20 representative water samples were collected from dug wells; and analyzed for pH, total dissolved salts, electrical conductivity, total hardness, calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, chloride, sulphate, bicarbonate and nitrate. Based on the physicochemical analyses, irrigation quality parameters like sodium absorption ratio (SAR) and residual sodium carbonate (RSC), was calculated. The suitability of the water from the groundwater sources for drinking purposes was evaluated by comparing the values of different water quality parameters with WHO and BIS guideline values for drinking water. A preliminary hydrochemical characterization shows that most of the samples are within permissible limit for drinking water standards. The correlation of the analytical data has been attempted by plotting graphical representations such as U.S. Salinity Laboratory, which are employed to critically study the geochemical characteristics of groundwater which indicates that groundwater is suitable for irrigation purpose.