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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

 

Volume 4, Issue 1, 2012 pp 01-04

 

Research Article

 

Hydrogeochemistry of Sukhana River subbasin of Aurangabad district, INDIA.

G.D. Mahajan

 Groundwater Survey and Development Agency, District Office, Central Administrative Building, Aurangabad (MS) INDIA

Academic Editor:  Dr. Aher K. R.

 

Abstract

Water quality has significant role in human health and sustenance of human, animals and plants. The quality of groundwater within a region is governed by both natural processes such as precipitation rate, weathering processes and soil erosion and anthropogenic effects such as urban, industrial and agricultural activities and the human exploitation of water resources. This paper deals with the drinking water quality of the Sukhana river sub-basin of Aurangabad districts.  Twenty groundwater samples collected and were analyzed for major physicochemical parameter such as pH, Electrical Conductivity (EC), Total Disolve Soilids (TDS),Calcium (Ca2+),Magnesium(Mg2+),Total Hardness (TH), Sodium (Na+),Potassium (K+), Bicarbonate alkalinity (HCO3),Sulphate (SO4),Chloride (Cl) and Nitrate (NO3) in order to understand the different geochemical processes affecting the groundwater quality. The analytical data were interpreted with World Health Organization and Indian Standard Institution drinking water standards.  The analytical results indicate the majority groundwater samples are suitable for drinking purposes except few which indicates signs of deterioration in the study area. The aquifers of Sukhana river subbasin are subject to contamination at same places due to sewage effluents, industrial discharge and excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides in agriculture.

 

 

  

 

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