morbidities among bus drivers in city of Central India
Sandeep Gunjal2, Ashok Jadhao3, Suresh Ughade3,
Dept. of PSM, RCSM Govt. Medical College, Kolhapur (M.S.) INDIA.
Dept. of PSM, Seth G.S. Medical College, Mumbai (M.S.) INDIA.
Dept. of PSM, Govt. Medical College, Nagpur (M.S.) INDIA.
& Head, Dept. of PSM, Govt. Medical College, Nagpur (M.S.) INDIA
Academic Editor: Dr.
Bus drivers must
successfully balance the competing demands of safety, customer – focused
service and company operating regulations. Driving frequently involve
many risk factors such as prolonged sitting and motor vehicle driving,
tight running schedules, reduced rest breaks, rotating shift patterns,
traffic congestion, the sedentary nature of job etc. These risk factors
are specially important when work demands exceed the physical capacity
of the worker. Objectives: 1) To study prevalence and pattern of
musculoskeletal morbidities amongst M.S.R.T.C. bus drivers. 2) To
study some epidemiological factors related with these morbidities.
Material and Methods: The present cross sectional study was carried
out among 581 bus drivers of M.S.R.T.C. bus depots in Nagpur city. Data
gathered with the help of interview technique using predesigned
questionnaire. Information regarding musculoskeletal disorders was
gathered with the help of Standardized Nordic Questionnaire.
Interview was followed by thorough clinical examination and necessary
investigations. Results & Conclusion: Commonest morbidity was
backache present in 340 (58.5%) study subjects, followed by joint pain
among 268 (46.1%) and commonest site being lower back in 318 (85%).
Musculoskeletal discomfort was found significantly related with age,
duration of service, daily average driving (km) and duration of driving
(hrs/wk). It was also significantly higher in study subjects with BMI ≥
30 kg/m2. Musculoskeletal discomfort increased significantly
with increase in age, duration of service, daily average driving.