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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

 

Volume 4, Issue 1, 2012 pp 05-08

 

Research Article

 

Starch and Glucose Content and Changes therein in the Seeds of Schleichera oleosa(kusum) due to Bioterioration by Pathogenic Fungi during Storage.

 

AK Srivastava*  and GK Pandey**

*Head, Dept of Botany, St .Xavier’s College, Ranchi INDIA

**Dept of Botany, St Columba’s PG College, Hazaribag, INDIA

Academic Editor:  Dr. Aher K. R.

 

Abstract

Seeds of one of the non-edible oilseed, kusum(Schleichera oleosa f . Sapindaceae) are of great significance in Jharkhand area and its oil is used in burning lamps, varnishing, massage and medicine. Its oil-cake is a good manure. The unsanitary and humid condition makes it prone to a faster biodeterioration due to several fungal inhabitants during storage. The colonising fungi in the seeds use up some of the glucose and starch as carbon sources for meeting energy requirements in their prolonged association with the seeds. In the span of one year the glucose level dropped by as much as 50.2 percent of its initial value. The starch in the stored seeds reduced steadily from 2.55 percent of dry seed weight to 1.25 percent due to the association of the mycodwellers.