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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 10, Issue 1, February 2014 pp 58-60
Incidence of Postoperative Wound Infection in Orthopaedic Surgery - An in Vivo Study
Vivian D’Almeida1, John Benny2, Raghuveer Adiga3, Vivek Mahajan4, Karen D’sa5, Rohit Jhamnani6
1,4Assistant Professor, 2,5,6Resident, 3Professor, Department of Orthopaedics, Father Muller Medical College, Mangalore, Karnataka, INDIA.
Academic Editor : Dr. Aher K.R.
Objectives: Therefore, the present study was planned with an objective to analyze the incidence of postoperative wound infections. An additional objective was to evaluate the efficacy of different measures taken by surgeons prior to Surgery to prevent infection. Methods: Hundred individuals between 18-50 years of age were evaluated based on the surgery’s they underwent at Father Muller Medical College, Mangalore between 2010 – 2012. The data received was recorded in individual patient proform as obtained on admission and on outpatient basis. Results: The overall incidence in this study was 4%. Maximum incidence was observed in 41-50 age group (96%), followed by in the age group of 21-30 yrs (94%).Out of 56 patients with spinal anaesthesia, the incidence of infection was noted in 4 cases. The mean preoperative stay in infected cases was 4.50 days, when compared to 3.06 days in non infected cases whereas mean post operative stay in infected cases was 7.75 days, when compared to 10.16 days. Conclusions: Prophylactic regimens should be recommended for a wide variety of surgical procedures. Marked variations exist in the spectrum of infecting pathogens and in the degree of antimicrobial resistance.