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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 10, Issue 1, February 2014 pp 117-120
Complications of Eclampsia in 100 Consecutive Cases (Complicated Eclampsia)
A. R. Mahale1, A. U.Patil2
1Professor and Head, Department of OBGY
MIMSR Medical College, Vishwanathpuram, Ambajogai Road, Latur - 413531, Maharashtra, INDIA.
2Medical Officer, Rural Hospital, Wani-422215, Dindori, Nashik, Maharashtra, INDIA.
Academic Editor : Dr. Aher K.R.
Objectives: To know the incidence of complicated eclampsia, maternal and perinatal mortality in complicated eclampsia and the socio - economic profile of eclampsia patient. Methods: It is an observational prospective study of cases of eclampsia at a district hospital setup. Clinical and laboratory data of 100 consecutive eclampsia admissions was analyzed to know the incidence of complicated eclampsia and the nature of complications. The maternal and perinatal mortality was compared in two groups of eclampsia, complicated and uncomplicated. Z-test and chi-sq test were used for comparison. Results: The incidence of eclampsia was 1for 32 cases of pregnancies. 15% cases were of complicated eclampsia. The socio-economic status of complicated and uncomplicated eclampsia did not differ statistically. All maternal deaths (6/15) have occurred in complicated group, having more than one organ system affection. Perinatal mortality is not significantly different in complicated and uncomplicated eclampsia. Magnesium sulphate is still not commonly used in periphery. Conclusion: categorizing eclampsia into complicated and uncomplicated helps to know prognosis and plan medical care. There is need to introduce magnesium sulphate to peripheral practitioners.