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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 10, Issue 2, March 2014 pp 299-302

Research Article

Drug Utilization Study on Antibiotics Use in the Upper Respiratory Tract Infection

Harish Govind Naik1, Chitra C. Khanwelkar2, Ashwini Kolur3, Rohit Desai4,Sunil Gidamudi5

{1Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacology} {3Assistant Professor, Department of Pathology}

Azeezia Medical College, Meeyanoor, Kollam, Kerala, INDIA.

{2Professor and Head, 4,5PG Student}Department of Pharmacology, KIMSDU, Karad, Maharashtra, INDIA.


Academic Editor : Dr. Aher K.R.


Antibiotics are commonly prescribed for the Upper respiratory tract infection. But if antibiotics are not used rationally then there will be increase chances of resistance of bacteria as well as increase in the total cost of treatment. This study was conducted to see the antibiotics utilization pattern. Aim: This drug utilization study was conducted to evaluate the pattern of antibiotics use in Medicine Department of a Krishna Hospital, Karad, and Maharashtra, India. 200 case records were examined, of which 56.5% were URTI (nonspecific URTI), 28% were sinusitis, pharyngitis and CSOM accounted for 24% and 7% respectively. Female accounted for 64% and male for 36% of total cases. The World Health Organization (WHO) indicators (utilization in defined daily doses (DDD); DDD/1000inhibitant/day) were used and the ATC/DDD method was implemented. The most frequently prescribed antibiotic was Azithromycin, followed by ceftriaxone. The DDD/1000inhibitant/day of Azithromycin was the highest (2.3308). Out of the 200 case records, culture and sensitivity was done in only 8 cases of URTI and all were sterile. Out of the total case records analyzed, antibiotics were not prescribed in 18 (9%) cases. Rest received antibiotics. Prescribing by generic names has to be encouraged.