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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 10, Issue 2, March 2014 pp 318-322
A Case Control Study of STD Patients attending STD clinic in Tartary Care Hospital, Latur, Maharashtra
Y. U. Jadhav
Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, B. J. Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, INDIA.
Academic Editor : Dr. Aher K. R.
Introduction: Sexually transmitted disease (STD) remains a public health problem of major significance in most parts of the world and South East Asia is believed to be high in many countries, although precise magnitude of problem is still not clear. STD also account for massive expenditure, both in terms of cost of providing care and in terms of the economic burden due to workdays lost as a result of associated morbidity. Materials and Methods: Present case control study was conducted in STD clinic has been in operation since 2002 at GMC Hospital, Latur. Total 106 cases were selected. Controls were selected with 1:1 proportion. A details pretested and prestructured proforma was used. Results: most of the cases were male in the present study. 70.37% cases were married where as 83.33% controls were married. The proportion of current alcoholic was 41.66% among STD cases as compared to be statistically significant. It was also observed that 68.52% of STD cases had involved in premarital sexual act whereas only 12.04% of control had the same. 77.22% of STD Patients had extramarital sexual contact as compared to 8.89% in controls. Whereas 79.63% patients in cases had the sexual act with non-regular partner whereas in controls only 9.68% in control had non-regular partner. Conclusion: STDs are more common in young males. And Alcohol intake, premarital sexual act, extramarital sexual act and Sexual act with non-regular partner were the risk factors associated with STDs.