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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 10, Issue 2, March 2014 pp 331-337
Ethno Veterinary Medicines Used by Tribes in Wayanad District, Kerala
Devi Prasad A.G.1, Shyma T.Benny1, Raghavendra M. Puttaswamy2
1Department of Studies in Environmental Science, University of Mysore, Manasagangotri, Mysore - 570006, Karnataka, INDIA.
2Postgraduate Department of Microbiology, Maharani’s Science College for Women, JLB Road, Mysore - 570005, Karnataka, INDIA.
Academic Editor : Dr. Aher K. R.
Objective: Plant medicines were used by the tribes for curing the diseases of cattle and other domestic animals. The paper describes the ethno veterinary medicines used by the tribes in Mananthavady, Vythiri and Bathery taluks of Wayanad district, Kerala. Material and Methods: An ethno botanical survey was conducted among the kurichia, kuruma, kattunaika, adiya and paniya tribes of Wayanad. The study area, based on the total forest cover and tribal populations are ethno botanical hotspots of Wayanad. Result: Twenty seven plant species belonging to 22 families were documented in the present study among which four plants are endemic to Western Ghats. About 84% of plant formulations were used for external application, whereas 16% were used for internal treatment of common diseases like maggot wound, ectoparasites, mastitis, stomach disorders and redness of eye. The study also revealed that the different parts of these plants were used for treatment. Bark of the plant is extensively used followed by leaf, whole plant, seed, tuber, root and rhizome. Based on the indigenous beliefs the plant knowledge was inherited every year by the new generations of interested tribes. Conclusion: The present study is successful in collecting the information on the ethno veterinary remedies practiced by tribes. Proper identification and documentation of these plants were successfully done, which will help to select these plants for further studies.