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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 10, Issue 2, March 2014 pp 357-360
Prevalence of Reproductive Tract Infections and its Association with Sociodemographic Profile among Women in Reproductive Age
Erli Amel Ivan1, Kanagalakshmi2
1Associate Professor, 3Year MBBS Student
Dept. of Pathology, Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College and Hospital Kalitheerthalkuppam, Madagadipet, Pondicherry, INDIA.
Academic Editor : Dr. Aher K. R.
Background Reproductive tract infections (RTIs) cause considerable morbidity among women of reproductive age worldwide. Any morbidity in this age group will interfere with overall socio economic development of community. There is a higher prevalence of reproductive infections in rural areas compared to urban areas in our country. Objectives: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of RTIs in married women age 18- 49 years and to determine its association with socio demographic profile, obstetric factors and menstrual hygiene practices. Material and Methods: This was across sectional study done for 2 months in Obstetrics and Gynecology department in a tertiary care hospital, to know the prevalence of RTIs in married women of age 18-49 year and to determine its association with social, demographic, obstetric factors and menstrual hygiene practices. Result and Discussion: Of the 306 women who participated in our study ,33%were found to have symptoms associated RTIs The age–specific prevalence was highest in the 36- 44 years age group (32%) ,with most common symptoms being abnormal white discharge per vagina. Conclusion: prevalence of suggestive symptoms of RTI in women was found to be high (33%) and among them knowledge regarding RTI was poor. The high prevalence of symptoms of RTI and their association with risk factors such as contraception, personal hygiene factors suggest scope for intervention through health education programmers among women. Therefore, enhancing awareness and organizing screening camps are absolutely necessary to be held at frequent intervals which will reduce the morbidity and mortality due to cervical malignancies.