[Abstract] [PDF] [HTML] [Linked
International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 10, Issue 2, March 2014 pp 399-402
Study of Clinico-Epidemological Features of the Hospitalized Patients of Confirmed Influenza A (H1N1) Virus Infection in Government Medical College, Latur, Maharashtra
Chinte L. T.*†,V. V. Kendre*, Godale L. B.**
*Assistant Professor, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Government Medical College, Latur, Maharashtra, INDIA
**Professor and Head, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Government Medical College, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, INDIA.
Academic Editor : Dr. Aher K. R.
Background: After emergence of Influenza A (H1N1) in March 2009, its pandemic spread rapidly throughout the world, leading to the declaration of an Influenza pandemic by WHO on 11 June 2009. In India, the number of new cases, including fatal cases continuous to increase since mid-June 2009 in several states particularly in Maharashtra. Objective: To study clinico-epidemological features of the hospitalized patients of confirmed Influenza A (H1N1) virus infection in Govt. medical college, Latur.Methods: It is a record based cross-sectional study. This study summarizes the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of 108 confirmed cases of Influenza A (H1N1) virus infection, hospitalized in Govt. medical college, Latur, during Aug 2009 to Oct 2009. Real Time Reverse Transcriptase- polymerase chain reaction RT-PCR was used to confirm the cases. Data were obtained from record section and swine flu ward. Complete data were entered in MS-Excel and analysis was done by using appropriate statistical test.Results: There were total 407 suspected cases. Of which 108 (26.53%) were confirmed cases. Of 108 confirmed cases, median age was 23 yrs. There were 75 (69.44%) and 68 (62.96%) were belongs from urban area. Recent history of travel was given by 8(7.40%). Case fatality rate was 9.25%. the most common complaint was of symptoms of respiratory tract infection (100%) and fever (88.88%). Pneumonia was reported in 88.88% patients on chest radiography.Conclusion: This study demonstrates that infection-related illness affects both children and adults with survival of 90.74%. Underlying co-morbid condition was found as a significant risk factor for severe disease.