[Abstract] [PDF] [HTML] [Linked
International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 10, Issue 2, March 2014 pp 213-217
Study of Morbidity and Mortality Pattern of Cases of Meningitis Admitted in Tertiary Health Care Centre in India
P. V. Borade (Gedam)1, S. J. Haralkar2, W. A. Bennishirur3, S. M. Mulje4
1Epidemiologist cum Assistant Professor, 2Assistant Professor, 3,4Statistician
Department of Community Medicine, Dr. V. M. Govt. Medical College Solapur, Maharashtra, INDIA.
Academic Editor : Dr. Aher K.R.
Background: Meningitis constitutes a dreadful illness worldwide due to its high morbidity and mortality. The etiological factors and other associated risk factors causing meningitis vary from place to place. Identification of these factors is crucial for reduction of this problem. Objectives: 1) To study few epidemiological factors like age, sex, residence etc. 2) To find out seasonal variations in different etiological types of meningitis. 3) To determine case fatality rate and proportional mortality rate. Methodology: This descriptive record based study was conducted in Dr. V. M. Govt. Medical College and General Hospital, Solapur, Maharashtra from January 2008 to December 2012. With pre-structured questionnaire, data was collected with the help of indoor case papers of meningitis cases available in medical record department. The study variables were age, sex, place of residence, etiological types of meningitis, seasonal variations, case fatality rate and proportional mortality rate. Data was analyzed with suitable statistical methods. Results: Total number of cases of meningitis was 984 of different ages. Out of 984 cases, 56.6% cases were male and 43.4% cases were female. 44.9% cases were resident of urban locality and 55.1% cases were resident of rural locality. In all age groups, tuberculous meningitis was most common than other types of meningitis which was statistically significant (p<0.01). Pediatrics age group was most commonly affected age group with meningitis (p<0.001). In pediatric age group, maximum number of cases (43.3%) were of viral meningitis type, which was statistically significant (p<0.01). Meningitis was most prevalent during September to December in all etiological types which was statistically significant (p<0.0001). In our study, case fatality rate of meningitis was 25.2% and proportional mortality rate was 2.5 %. Conclusion: Meningitis is a disease condition having great public health importance because of its high mortality. It commonly affects pediatrics age group. Commonest type of meningitis is tuberculous meningitis.