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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 11, Issue 1, May 2014 pp 56-57
Assessment of Ground Water Quality in Bachigudam Village near Patencheru in Medak District in Month of July
Baby Abrarunnisa Begum1, N. Devanna2, Md. Sibgatullah3, Asma3
1NCET JNTU, 2Director J NTU-A, 3Post MBBS Research Scholars
Academic Editor : Dr. Aher K.R.
Rapid industrialization has resulted in pollution of ground water recourses. Patencheru in Medak district is one such industrial hub near Hyderabad. The treated industrial waste in released into stream nakkavagu which joins river manjeera a tributary of river Godavari. Bachigudem village was selected for ground water assessment as it lies in the nakkavagu catchment area. Parameters from eight sources were analyzed for parameters such as color, turbidity, pH, total alkalinity, total dissolved solids, total hardness, chlorides, sulphates, nitrates, fluorides and electrical conductivity. The sampling was done in month of july which is a peak rainy season. The results showed gross contamination of the ground water in bachigudem village. Fresh water is one of the essentials for life on earth. The Indian subcontinent is one of the wettest places on the earth with annual precipitation of over 4000 km3 with a river flow of 1880 km3 and potential ground water resources of about 431 km 3 besides water glaciers, ponds and lakes. But still we have the demand for good quality water because of growing population and use and abuse of existing resources. (1) Ground water is one of the essential components for the sustenance of life on earth. Among the various sources of water, ground water is said to be the safest water for drinking and domestic purposes. The quality of ground water is influenced by the nature of the sub surfaces as well as the environment where recharge takes place. Water used for Industries, agricultural and human needs add continuously contaminants to the ground water. It is reported that two third of all illness in India are related to water borne diseases. (2) Industrialization and unprecedented population increase have resulted in the generation of large volume of wastes that are poorly disposed and managed. The impact of indiscriminate waste disposal on the environment has raised concern in recent times. Improper disposal of chemicals from agricultural, industries, and mining activities have negative implications on aquatic life and water quality. (3) Industrial estate at patencheru was established in the year 1975 by the Andhra Pradesh industrial infrastructure corporation ltd., (APIIC). Patencheru is located on Mumbai-hyderabad highway around 35km from Hyderabad in medak district. Around 350 industries are located here. A common effleuent treatment plant was commissioned in the year 1990, to treat industrial waste water. There are two natural water corses in the area namely nakkavagu and is ukavagu and normally for most part of the year they are dry with no fresh water flowing into them. After treating the the industrial effluents the water is discharged into nakkavagu stream. The entire patencheru industrial area provided with all the necessary infrastructural facilities except the much needed sewer system. The study has been done in bachigudem village in the nakkavagu catchment area in the month of july which is a peak rainy season.