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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 11, Issue 1, May 2014 pp 58-62

Research Article

A Study of Prevalence of HIV Infection in Children Attending Pediatric Department


Vikas N. Solunke1, Milind B. Kamble2, Amol R. Suryawanshi3, Pallavi Saple4, Manish M. Tiwari5, Bhete S. B.6, Garad S. B.7

{1,3,5Assistant Professor, 4Professor and HOD, Department of Pediatrics}

Swami Ramanand Teerth Rural Government Medical College and Hospital, Ambajogai, Maharashtra, INDIA.

2Professor and HOD, Department of Pediatrics, Shankarrao Chavan Government Medical College, Nanded, Maharashtra, INDIA.

6Department of Pharmacology, Topiwala National Medical College and Nayar Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, INDIA.

7Medical Officer, Department of Ophthalmology, Government Medical College, Latur, Maharashtra, INDIA.

Academic Editor : Dr. Aher K.R.



 Introduction: The increase in pediatric HIV infection has had a substantial impact on childhood mortality both in industrialized countries and developing countries. Pediatric HIV is a major world health problem which is progressing at an alarming rate.  Aims and objectives: a) to study the prevalence of opportunistic infections in pediatric HIV. b) To study various presenting signs and symptoms in pediatric HIV patients. Methodology: The present study was carried out in the department of pediatrics from January 2008 to June 2009. All the patients attending the pediatric department i.e. OPD and IPD were enrolled in the study. Out of these patients suffering from HIV were diagnosed. The study population included was patients who were already HIV positive or diagnosed later on investigation on suspicion of the clinical features. Results: A sum of 24828 children attended pediatric department during study period. Amongst those 144 were found to be HIV reactive. Hence the prevalence of HIV infection during the study period was 0.58%.Vertical transmission was seen in 98.62% and infection via blood transfusion in 1.38%. Male to female ratio was 1.93:1. On first presentation fever was the most common symptom. On examination severe malnutrition (PEM Gr III and IV) was the most common finding (59.02%) followed by pallor (51.38%), respiratory signs (47.22%). Conclusion: prevalence of HIV in children attending pediatric department was 0.58%. Fever was the most common complaint reported by the study population and malnutrition was also most commonly associated finding in pediatric HIV patients.