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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 11, Issue 2, June 2014 pp 176-179

Research Article

Effect of forward and backward walking on aerobic capacity and endurance

Ashwini A. Kale1, Sunita D. Chavan2

1Assistant professor, 2PG Student, Department of Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy, MGM’s Institute of Physiotherapy, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, INDIA.

Academic Editor: Dr. Aher K. R.



Aim of the study: Which way of walking, Backward v/s Forward is more optimum to attain more Heart rate (HR) and desired Heart rate maximum (HR max) at lesser speed and lesser grade of treadmill walking. Objective: To compare the difference in heart rate when walking forward and walking backward at 5% grade and at a speed of 4 km/hr and to compare the mean Heart rate maximum of both forward and backward walking. Methodology: 10 subjects were made to walk on treadmill at 0% grade at 2 km/hr for 3 minutes. Then the grade is increased to 5% and speed to 4 km/hr. The subject was asked to walk for 6 minutes period. At the end of 6 minutes the subject is asked to hold the sensor and the Heart rate is recorded and HR max is calculated after the completion of forward and backward walking. Results: Using ‘t’ test (15.365) a statistically significant difference found between Heart rate of Forward walking and Backward walking. Percent Heart rate maximum of backward walking [73.23%] attained percentage heart rate maximum as prescribed by “American College of Sports Medicine Guidelines” and it is significantly more than forward walking [58.07%]. Conclusion: Backward walking on a treadmill at 4 km/hr and a grade of 5% elicits greater percent Heart rate maximum than forward walking under the same conditions, expected to improve aerobic endurance.