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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 11, Issue 2, June 2014 pp 198-199

Research Article

Neural tube defects – hospital based study in Hassan

Sridhara S. K.1, Manjunath C. S.2, Naveen Kumar B. D.3

{1Assistant professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology} {2Assistant Professor, 3Tutor, Department of Anatomy} Hassan Institute of Medical Sciences, Hassan -573201, Karnataka, INDIA.

Academic Editor: Dr. Aher K. R.



Objective: Neural Tube Defects include anencephaly, spina bifida, hydrocephalus are the congential malformation with multiple etiology. This study will be helpful in planning strategies for prevention of neural tube defects. Materials and Methods: The study was carried on hospital based records from the period of Jan 2009 to Dec 2013. The defects are categorized based on domain anencephaly, spina bifida and hydrocephalus according standard definition. Results: During this period, 70 cases were detected with neural tubal defects. Out of 70 cases still birth was 42 and live birth were 28. The major lesion was anencephaly of all the neural tube defects. Approximately 2/3 cases were female. Average weight of anencephalic cases was less than 1000 gms. Conclusion: The significant difference in the prevalence between still birth and livebirth of NTD were noted. The periconceptional supplement of folic acid supplement is the possible strategy to reduce the defect.