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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 11, Issue 2, June 2014 pp 226-228
A study on bacteriology of community acquired urinary tract and wound infections from Kanpur, North India
Sarawgi M. K.1, Shukla Priya2*, Soni S. S.3, Upadhyay Vandana4, Khan Gufran Mo.5, Kushwaha Arvind6, Yadav Sunil7
1HOD, 2Research investigator, 3Pathologist, 5,6Research Help, 7Research Technician, Department of Laboratory Sciences, New Leelamani Hospital ,Civil lines, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, INDIA.
4Microbiologist, S.G.P.G.I. Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, INDIA.
Academic Editor: Dr. Aher K. R.
Introduction: The most common bacterial infections encountered by both general practitioners and hospital doctors in developing countries are Urinary Tract Infection and wound infections and are a major causes of morbidity. Appropriate timely empirical antimicrobial therapy may reduce the potential complications. In this study we have studied etiology and antibiogram of uropathogens and wound pathogens in Kanpur region. Material and Methods: In this study urine and pus samples were collected from 3 different centres in Kanpur region. The specimens were inoculated on the C.P.S media, MacConkey agar and sheep blood agar and bacteria were identified using standard methods. Antibiotic susceptibility testing was done by disc diffusion method following CLSI recommendations. Results: A total of 371 urine samples and 78 pus specimens were analyzed. Commonest uropathogens isolated was Escherichia coli followed by Staphylococcus aureus where as in pus samples most common isolate was Staphylococcus aureus followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Antimicrobial sensitivity pattern of the bacterial isolates showed that majority of isolates were resistant to commonly used oral antibiotics like Norfloxacin first and second generation Cephalosporins and Co-Trimoxazole. Fortunately most of the isolates were sensitive to injectable broad spectrum antibiotic like Amikacin, Cefoperazone/sulbactum, Piperacillin/tazobactum, Meropenem etc. Conclusion: The drug sensitivity pattern of community acquired bacteria in Kanpur region is very disturbing and it is strongly advocated that the clinicians should send a sample for bacterial culture and sensitivity before starting antibiotic therapy.