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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 11, Issue 3, July 2014 pp 331-334

Research Article

Demographic profile and pattern of injuries in autopsied fatal electrocution cases in Union territory of India

Ananda Reddy1, Balaraman R.2, Kagne R. N.3

1Assistant Professor, 3Professor and HOD, Department of Forensic Medicine, Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College, Puducherry, INDIA.

2Head, Department of Forensic Medicine, Indira Gandhi Government General Hospital and Post-graduate Institute, Puducherry, INDIA.



Background and Objectives: This autopsy based cross-sectional study of fatal Electrocution cases in the union territory (Puducherry) are aimed to evaluate socio-demographic profile and pattern of electrical and other associated bodily injuries in such cases. Materials and Methods: All 23 fatal electrocution cases autopsiedat the Indira Gandhi Government General Hospital and Postgraduate Institute (IGGGH and PGI), Puducherry during calendar year 2012 was analyzed. Observations and Results: Fatal electrocution cases were accounted for 1.47% (23) of all medico legal autopsies (n=1560) done in that year at our study centre. Predominantly male gender and adults in the age group of 21-40years (48%) are the victims. The demographic profile of studied victims revealed that the majority of them were belonged to rural area (65%), literates (61%), Hindu religion (83%), Married (57%) and middle income group (52%). Occupationally most of them are agricultural workers (26%), Labourers (22%) and housewives (17%). Upper extremity parts like hands and fingers (70%) are the most commonly affected body parts, next is lower extremity parts like soles and toes (17%). The entry wound alone was found in 11(48%) cases, both entry and exit wounds were found 7(30%) cases, whereas only exit wound was found in 3(13%) cases and no electrical marks in 2 (09%) cases. All deaths are accidental, no suicidal and a homicide case was reported. Chemical analysis and histological investigations were useful to diagnose in few cases. Conclusions: Despite safety precautions, domestic and occupational hazards are occurring due to electrocution. It is important to develop proper strategies for prevention of electrocution and to decrease rates of electrocution fatalities.