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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 11, Issue 3, July 2014 pp 368-371

Review Article

Prevalence of bacterial vaginosis in pregnant women attending tertiary care institute

Mariam Anjum Ifthikar1, Joylene Dalmeida2, Sitara S3, Smitha B Rao4, Rajgopal K5, K Yogesh Bangera6

1Fellow Resident, Department of Gynaecologic Oncology, Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology, Dr M H Marigowd Road, Bangalore, INDIA.

2Assistant Professor, Department of OBG. Fr. Muller Medical College, Fr. Muller Road, Kankanady, Mangalore, INDIA.

3Senior Resident, Department of OBG,PPU.Trivandrum Medical College.Trivandrum, Kerala, INDIA.

4Associate professor, 5Professor & Head, 6Professor, Department of OBG. Yenopoya Medical College Hospital, Deralakatte, Mangalore, INDIA



Introduction: Bacterial vaginosis is an extremely prevalent vaginal condition and the number one cause of vaginitis among both pregnant and non pregnant women and has been associated with severe sequel. Aims and Objectives: To study the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis in pregnant women attending tertiary care institute and to study the risk factors associated with it. Materials and Methods: Detailed history was taken using a standardized proforma with particulars about age, socioeconomic status, religion and detail past and present obstetric history. On per vaginal examination secretion and pH was noted. Wet mount preparation was also done to look for cue cells. Whiff test and Grams staining was also performed on the samples. All the ANC women attending the OPD were diagnosed bacterial vaginosis using Nugent criteria. Appearance of vaginal Results: prevalence of bacterial vaginoisis was 20% in the present study. Mean age of women suffering from bacterial vaginosis was 22.63 years with standard deviation of 2.77years. Majority of the women in the study were Hindu. Majority of the women suffering from bacterial vaginosis were of low socioeconomic class. Conclusion: Prevalence of baceterial vaginosis in the study was 20%. The Nugent criteria score in combination with gram stain is simple inexpensive, easily reproducible, method for diagnosis and can be used on a mass scale. BV is commoner among low SES, lower age and parity.