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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 11, Issue 3, July 2014 pp 375-378
Epidemiological study of pregnancy induced hypertension
V. S. Prasannakumar Reddy*, Sangeeta Chippa*, N. Bhavani**, Bijan Mukhopadhyay***
*Assistant Professor, **Associate Professor, ***Senior Resident, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, M. N. R. Medical College and Hospital, Sangareddy, Medak, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA.
Objective: To study the sociodemographic factors, maternal and fetal outcome in pregnancy induced hypertension. Methods: This is a prospective observational study of 112 cases over a period of two years. Pregnant women with singleton pregnancy and with systolic BP >140mmHg and or diastolic BP>90 mmHg with more than 20 weeks gestation admitted in labour room were included in the study. Data was analysed with regard to age, parity, socioeconomic status, gestational age, blood group and birth weight. Maternal and fetal outcome was studied. Results: Total number of women admitted in labour room with diagnosis of pregnancy induced hypertension was 112. Majority of the women were primigravida (62.5%) in the age group of 20-25 years. Majority of women had B+ve blood group(39.28%), followed by O+ve(30.35%) and A+ve (22.32%) blood group. 26.77% women delivered preterm and 52% babies had low birth weight which included small for gestational age and IUGR babies. 9 women presented with eclampsia, 5 patients had APH and 3 patients were complicated by HELLP syndrome. Intrauterine death was seen in 5 cases. Conclusion: Early detection of pregnancy induced hypertension and good antenatal care and timely intervention may improve the maternal and perinatal outcome in women with pregnancy induced hypertension.