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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 11, Issue 3, July 2014 pp 425-427

Research Article

Morphometric study of placenta in cases of pregnancy induced hypertension and normal pregnancy

Kailash Balkund1, Uddhav Mane2, Vijay Nayak3, Mahesh Taru4

1Assistant Professor, 4Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Malabar Medical College, Calicut, Kerala, INDIA.

2Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Dr. S. C. Govt. Medical College Nanded, Maharashtra, INDIA.

3Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Chirayu Medical College, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, INDIA.



Introduction: Placenta is a vital organ contributed by two different individuals (mother and foetus) having different genetic constitution. After delivery, proper examination of placenta provides status of foetus in womb and also various complications of pregnancy are reflected on placenta. Pregnancy complicated by hypertension is commonly associated with placental insufficiency, there by resulting in foetal growth retardation. Again reduced utero-placental blood flow has been recognized in cases of severe preeclampsia with hypertension. So the present study is carried out on 100 placentae from mothers with pregnancy induced hypertension and 101 placentae from mothers without any materno-foetal complication (normal placentae). In present study, percentage of retroplacental hematoma increases in placentae from pregnancy induced hypertension group as compared to normal group. The number of cotyledons on placentae in normal group is more than pregnancy induced hypertension group. It is found that thickness of placentae in pregnancy induced hypertension is significantly lesser than thickness of normal placentae. Placental circumference is significantly less in pregnancy induced hypertension as compare to the normal group. Results of this study indicate that in pregnancy induced hypertension insertion of umbilical cord is more lateral as compare to normal.