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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 12, Issue 1, September 2014 pp 04-07
Study to find the efficiency of multi-detector computed tomography in evaluation of renal masses
Shailender Singh N1, Satishchandra H2
1Assistant professor, 2Head of Department, Department of Radiodiagnosis, Bowring and Lady Curzon Hospital. Bangalore, Karnataka, INDIA.
Introduction: Detection of malignant renal masses and their differentiation from their benign counterparts is extremely important, especially when these masses are small. Although the effectiveness of conventional axial renal CT is well established, a variety of problems can be encountered. The major advantages of the multiple detector-row computed tomography (MDCT) technology over conventional CT is that it allows for acquisition of different image thicknesses from the same acquisition data set. Thus the present study was undertaken to study the efficiency of MDCT in diagnosing renal masses. Aims and Objective: To find out the efficiency of Multi-detector Computed Tomography in the evaluation of renal masses. Materials and Method: The study was conducted over a period of two years on 50 patients with clinically suspected Renal mass or patients who were diagnosed to have renal mass on ultrasound and were referred to CT for further characterization. Results: Overall there were 33 (66%) males and 17 (34%) females; the male to female ratio was 1.9:1.thus renal neoplasm was seen more commonly in males. MDCT was able to differentiate a benign from malignant lesion with Sensitivity of 100, Specificity of 71 %, and Accuracy of 96 %. When the images were assessed in unenhanced, corticomedullary and nephrographic phases. Conclusion: Multi-detector Computed Tomography can be used as an efficient tool with high degree of accuracy in diagnosing renal masses.