[Abstract] [PDF] [HTML] [Linked
International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 12, Issue 1, September 2014 pp 110-113
Incidence of traumatic cataract in ocular injuries: a prospective observational study
Poonam N. Kalyanpad1, Chhaya A. Shinde2
1Senior Registrar, 2Professor and Head, Department of Ophthalmology, Lokmanya Tilak Muncipal Medical College, Mumbai, Maharashta, INDIA.
Introduction: Ocular trauma is an important, preventable public health problem worldwide. Traumatic cataract is the one of the most common type of ocular morbidity observed in the patients of eye injury. The incidence of traumatic cataract shows a great variation which depends on type of ocular injury. Various etiological factors have been observed in traumatic cataract which range from agricultural accidents to occupational accidents. Aims and objectives: To study incidence of traumatic cataract and factors associated with it. Materials and Method: All the patients of eye injury were enrolled in the study and patients suffering from traumatic cataract were diagnosed from them. The detail of these patients such as age, sex and other demographic detail were asked and were entered in a prestructured Performa.Type of injury, side of the eye involved and the cause of injury were also inquired and were noted down. Results: Incidence of traumatic cataract amongst the ocular injuries was 14.76%. Majority (57.5%) of patients less than 30 years of age. Males (67.5%) were predominantly affected. Agricultural injuries and other occupational accident (25.5% each) were the commonest cause. Corneal damage (45%) was most frequently associated with traumatic cataract. Conclusion: Incidence of traumatic cataract was 14.76% among the eye injury cases. Traumatic cataract was more common in young males. Agricultural and occupational accidents were the most common cause of traumatic cataract and corneal tear was the most common associated ocular damage.