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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 12, Issue 1, September 2014 pp 164-167
A comparative sex wise study of fingerprints in relation to toe prints
Sidhart Timsinha*, S. M. Kar**, Madan Prasad Baral***
1Lecturer, 2Professor and Head, 3Resident, Department of Forensic Medicine, Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara, NEPAL.
Background: Fingerprints as evidence in the court of law is undoubtedly the most accepted evidence till date. Similar to fingerprints, dermal ridge pattern of toes are also unique and permanent and specific for each individual. This present work is first of its kind where attempt has been made to analyze their correlation in pattern distribution and also with gender. Methods: A number of 140 cases out of 156 total cases have been taken into consideration among the medical students and patients of all age group attending Manipal Teaching Hospital .The distribution of fingerprint pattern and toe print pattern of both the hands and feet was studied to see any correlation existed with each other in the same individual and its relationship with sex was evaluated and analyzed statistically. Results: Out of four varieties of finger print pattern as per order of frequency of occurrence, loop, whorl, arch and composite are found respectively. There is no similarity in the distribution of pattern in both the hands of an individual and also no gender wise differentiation between the distribution of pattern of fingerprint and toe print. Conclusion: There is neither gender wise nor hand wise alteration in the formation of pattern of dermal ridges. Similarly there is also no gender wise discrepancy between distributions of pattern of toe print too. There is no direct link of presence of particular pattern in hand and toe pulp in same individual.