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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 12, Issue 1, September 2014 pp 190-192

Research Article

Prevalence and risk factors of dry eye: a hospital based study

Kavita A. Dhabarde1, Nilesh Gaddewar2, Bhushan Mahajan3

{1,2 Assistant Professor, Department of Ophthalmology} {3Associate Professor, Department of Biochemistry}

Government Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, INDIA.

Introduction: Dry eye is a disorder of the tear film due to tear deficiency or excessive tear evaporation, which causes damage to the interpalpebral ocular surface and is associated with symptoms of ocular discomfort. Dry eye syndrome is also known as keratoconjunctivitis sicca. It is far more prevalent than was previously considered. Reported prevalence ranges from 5.5% to 27.5% (age and sex adjusted).The present study was conducted in department of Ophthalmology, Government Medical College, Nagpur to estimate the prevalence of dry eye in a hospital based population, to assess subjective symptoms of dry eye patients, to evaluate risk factors attributable to dry eye and to evaluate role of investigative modalities in diagnosing dry eye .Eighty two patients above the age of 5 years participated in the study. After detailed history and investigations, the prevalence rate in our study was found to be 16 .4 percent. It was found that dry eye is common in older population, females, and in summer season. It is mostly seen in farmers, labourers, those exposed to ultraviolet rays, computer users and contact lens wearers .Dry eye is an under diagnosed disorder . Early screening and effective management can improve the quality of life of patients and decrease the morbidity due to ocular surface disorders.