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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 12, Issue 2, September 2014 pp 259-261
Obstetric outcome of teenage pregnancy
H C Savitha1, Sanjay Kumar C2*, Deepthi H R3
1Associate Professor, 2Assistant Professor, 3Resident, Department of OBG, MIMS, Mandya, 571401, Karnataka, INDIA.
Background: Teenage pregnancy is a social problem worldwide with a serious implication on maternal and child health. The objective of this study is to compare the maternal and perinatal outcomes between teenage girls (age between 13 to 19 years) and pregnant adults (age between 20-29 years). Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of case records on teenage pregnancies from January 2013 to June 2013 in the department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mandya Institute Of Medical Sciences, Mandya, Karnataka, India, a referral tertiary care centre and teaching hospital with over 6000 deliveries annually. Pregnancy outcomes in girls aged 13-19 years were compared with those in women aged 20-29years. Results: The incidence of teenage pregnancy was 6.56%, majority of teenagers were primigarvida. The study showed that teenage mothers are at increased risk of having abortions, preeclampsia, low birth weight babies and perinatal mortality. Conclusion: Our study showed that risk of obstetric complication was no higher in adolescents than in adult women, but adolescent tended to have higher incidence of abortion, pre-eclampsia, low birth weight babies and perinatal mortality. Early booking and good antenatal care should improve the obstetric and perinatal outcome in teenage pregnancies.