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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 12, Issue 2, September 2014 pp 285-291

Research Article

Assessing hand grip strength and screening of performance related upper limb injuries experienced by Indian musicians

Ajay Malshikare1, Tushar Palekar2, Parag Narayankar3

1MPT, 2Professor and Principal, 3B.P.Th., Padmashree. Dr. D. Y. Patil College of Physiotherapy, Pimpri, Pune, 411018, Maharashtra, INDIA.



The objective of this study were to assess Hand Grip Strength and screen for performance related upper limb injuries experienced by Guitar, Sitar, Keyboard, Harmonium, and Tabla players.100 Musicians from age group of 20-60 years participated in this survey. Every musician was given a questionnaire to fill as per their experience about performance related symptoms and problem faced in past or present in upper limb. After this, Hand grip strength (B/L) was measured in sitting position with elbow flexed in 900, shoulder adducted, forearm in mid prone position with wrist in neutral position and cuff of Modified Mercurial type Adult Sphygmomanometer inflated to 20 mmHg. Every participant musician was told to press the cuff as hard as possible for 3 times. Rest period of 5 minutes was given in-between every trail. The Mean score among 3 trails was recorded. The result showed, 66 Musicians out of 100 were having performance related symptom or problem experienced in upper limb. The information about musician`s hand grip strength, showed significant difference between the dominant and non-dominant hand grip strength (p = 0.034). Musicians participated in survey experienced symptoms like significant pain in musculoskeletal system, abnormal sensations in finger tips, weakness in muscles and loss of sensation in fingers. Assessment of grip strength is an essential evaluation method and it’s useful to keep normative data of hand grip strength for musicians and also for physiotherapist.