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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 12, Issue 2, September 2014 pp 292-294
Study of Intravenous Drug Analgesia for first stage labour pain relief: a descriptive study
Sanjaykumar B Pagare1, Nimisha Pagare2, Deshpande S S3, Yelikar K A4
1Assistant Professor, 3Associate Professor, 4Professor and Head Department of OBGY, Govt Medical College, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, INDIA.
2Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, INDIA.
Pain relief in labour is among the most common problem encountered by treating doctors. Various methods are being increasingly employed for pain relief during labour. Present study describes the effect of Intravenous Drug Analgesia in relief of first stage of labour pain. 100 cases of full term (37 to 42 weeks) singleton pregnancy with cephalic presentation in active phase of labour with cervical dilatation of ≥ 3cm but ≤ 5 cm were included in the study. VAS was used to assess the pain before administering labour analgesia and repeated at 1 hour, 2 hour, 4 hour and at full dilatation of cervix. Overall effect of labour analgesia in relief of pain was categorized as: Excellent, Good, Fair and Poor. Duration of labour was recorded from time of administration of labour analgesia to delivery of baby. Mode of delivery was also noted and categorized as Normal, Assisted- Ventouse/Forceps or Caesarean. Assessment of neonatal outcome was done using APGAR score in all babies at 1 minute and 5 minute. Side effects or complications were also noted. The results indicate that Intravenous Drug Analgesia is as an effective mode of management of labour pain.