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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 12, Issue 2, September 2014 pp 307-310
Effect of intervention on the behavioural risk factors of type 2 diabetes: a study among high risk adults in a tribal area of western Maharashtra
Kunde Pallavi B1, Zade Dnyaneshwar C2
1Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, MGM Medical College, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, INDIA.
2Intensivist, CIIGMA Hospital, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, INDIA.
Background: The recent World Health Organization report suggests that number of diabetic subjects in India is projected to increase to nearly 80 million by 2030. Behaviour change communication is one of the strategy to prevent type 2 diabetes. Objectives: To study the effect of Behaviour Change Communication on behavioural risk factors of type 2 diabetes. Materials and Methods: This is an interventional study carried out during December 2010 to November 2012 in a field practice area under Rural Health Training Centre (RHTC) attached to the Department of Community Medicine of a tertiary care municipal hospital in Mumbai. Forty one tribal adults in 25 - 64 yrs age group having 3 or more risk factors for type 2 diabetes were included in this study. Data was collected at baseline and 12 months after behaviour change communication. Data was analyzed in SPSS Version 15.0 using Paired t test. Results: Thirty five participants completed the study. Significant reductions in both the tobacco and alcohol use occurred between baseline and 12 months after intervention. Improvement in fruit and vegetable intake was observed at 12 months but it was not statistically significant. Conclusion: Behaviour Change Communication is effective strategy to reduce the behavioural risk factors of type 2 diabetes among high risk tribal adults.