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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 12, Issue 2, September 2014 pp 350-352
Research Article

Pattern of road traffic accident cases in Karad - Three years retrospective study

Sunil C Aramani1*, Shakuntala S Aramani2, Vijay Kumar A G3, Patil D T4, Anand Patil5

{1Associate Professor, 4Professor and HOD, Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology} {2Assistant Professor, Department of Pathology} {5Post Graduate, Department of Paediatrics} Krishna Institute of Medical sciences, Karad, Maharashtra, INDIA.

3Assistant Professor, Department of Forensic medicine, Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, Mandya, Karnataka, INDIA.


Introduction: A traffic collision, also known as a traffic accident, motor vehicle collision, motor vehicle accident, car accident, automobile accident, road traffic collision, road traffic accident, wreck (USA), car crash, or car smash (Australian) occurs when a vehicle collides with another vehicle, pedestrian, animal, road debris, or other stationary obstruction, such as a tree or utility pole. Material and Methods: In this 3 years retrospective study done from Jan 2010 to Dec 2012, totally 2698 road traffic accident cases which have been registered in the casualty of Krishna Institute of Medical sciences were analyzed at the Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, KIMS, Karad. During this study several epidemiological observations and their results were considered. Results and Discussion: In the present study, maximum number of cases belongs to 21-30 years age group, with male: female ratio is 2.1:1. According to study done by Badrinarayan M, among 360 RTA victims, most cases 138 (38.33%) were in the age group of 15–30 years. A high percentage of both fatal 30 cases out of total 66 (45.45%) and non-fatal 108 out of total 294 (36.73%) cases were observed from the same age group. Mobile males (85%) outscored the domicile females (15%) with a ratio of 5.66:1. Conclusions: Research suggests that the driver's attention is affected by distracting sounds such as conversations and operating a mobile phone while driving. Many jurisdictions now restrict or outlaw the use of some types of phone within the car.