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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 12, Issue 2, September 2014 pp 358-360
A retrospective study of prevalence of pseudoexfoliation syndrome in rural population of Latur district admitted in MIMSR Ophthalmology department
Tukaram Ranbaji Gitte1*, Pavan Panjabrao Chavan2, Ashish Agrawal3, Varsha Dhakane4, Anisha Ria Cardozo5
1Associate Professor, 2Senior Resident, 3,4P.G. Student, 5Internship Student, Department of Ophthalmology, MIMSR Medical College, Vishwanathpuram, Ambajogai road, Latur, Maharashtra, INDIA.
Objectives: Pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PXS) is the most common identifiable cause of secondary glaucoma, the prevalence of which varies considerably among different ethnicities. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of pseudoexfoliation syndrome in Latur. Methods: A retrospective study conducted in the period from September 2013 to September 2014 in a teaching hospital serving a population of about 1 million. 949 patients aged 45 or above attending the general ophthalmic clinics were recruited for this study. A detailed evaluation including ophthalmic and general history, slit lamp biomicroscopy, intraocular pressure measurement, gonioscopy and dilated eye examination was performed on all patients. Results: 72(7.58%) subjects were found to have PXS with a male to female ratio of 1.25:1. All 72 (100%) cases were bilateral and 25(34.72%) patients had high intraocular pressure. Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study conducted in a Latur population to determine the prevalence of PXS. The prevalence rate of 7.58 % is similar to other studies conducted in south Asia, however all cases were bilateral and quite a high percentage of patients had high intra-ocular pressure