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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 12, Issue 2, September 2014 pp 236-238

Research Article

Effect of suryanamaskar on handgrip strength in healthy volunteers in the age group of 20-40 years

M. S. Bhonde1, A. H. Bagade2, A. D. Dhanavijay3

1Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, Chirayu Medical College and Hospital, Bhopal-462030, Madhya Pradesh, INDIA.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, Seth G.S. Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai-400012, Maharashtra, INDIA.

3Assistant Professor, department of Physiology, People’s College of Medical Sciences and Research Center, Bhopal- 462037, Madhya Pradesh, INDIA.



Introduction: Yoga helps in improvement of physical strength and neuromuscular co-ordination. Suryanamaskar (Sun Salutation) is an integral part of Yogic exercises. It involves exercising almost all the muscles and joints of the body. Hand grip strength (HGS) is not only a measure of the strength of muscles of the upper limb but also neuromuscular co-ordination. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of suryanamaskar on HGS in healthy adult subjects. 120 newly enrolled healthy volunteers (62 females) in the age group of 20 to 40 years were selected from a reputed Yoga canters in Mumbai. HGS was measured using hand grip dynamometer set at second handle position at 0º and 90º elbow flexion before the start of study. The subjects were then instructed to practice suryanamaskar for 30 minutes daily for 12 weeks. HGS was measured after completion of study period. Paired t test was used for analysis of data. It was observed that the mean HGS before study was 27.73 which increased significantly to 30.28 after the practice of suryanamaskar (p< 0.001). We conclude that the increase in hand grip strength is probably due to strengthening of the muscular system of the body also involving upper limb muscles due to stimulation of muscles during the isometric contraction maintained during the steady state of yogic postures and improved co-ordination as a result of practice of suryanamaskar.