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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 12, Issue 3, September 2014 pp 526-

Research Article

Palynological studies of tertiary sediments of west coast of India to decipher provenance and environment of deposition

R. A. Suryawanshi

Department of Geology, Yashwantrao Chavan College of Science Karad-415124, Maharashtra, INDIA.

Tertiary sediments are deposited along the west coast in study area on basalt and covered by laterite. These sediments include carbonaceous shale, lignite and sandstone, which are rich in micro fossils and pollens. The Fungal remains, Pteridophyte spores and Angiosperm pollens are studied. The modern equivalents of these fossil pollen and spores are presently found in diversified ecologic habitats ranging from deltaic to fresh water swamps and low altitude ever green to open forests. Ecological distribution of the modern equivalents of these micro fossils indicates deltaic to swampy depositional environment. The source of pollen and lignite coal is in the Western Ghats and source rock is basalt for shale and sandstone.