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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 15, Issue 1, May 2015 pp 25-27
To find out treatment outcome between HIV positive and HIV negative tuberculosis patient in a rural hospital of Wardha district Maharashtra
Rajesh C Sambutwad1, V S Rathod2, Vasant Wagh3, A Mudey4, Sanjay Chaudhary5
1Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, IIMS waeudi, Jalna, Maharashtra, INDIA.
2Medical Officer Aurangabad, sawangi(M) Wardha, Maharashtra, INDIA.
3Professor, 4Professor & Head JNMC, Department of Community Medicine, Sawangi(M) Wardha, Maharashtra, INDIA.
5Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, GGSMCH Faridkot, Punjab, INDIA.
Background: It is caused by Mycobacterium Tuberculosis (MTB), the causative organism of TB is spread almost exclusively by the respiratory route. Tuberculosis is the leading cause of death among HIV infected people; Rates of HIV-related tuberculosis have risen in countries in Europe, United States and South America, and the rates have increased so rapidly in India. Aim: find out treatment outcome in both HIV positive and HIV negative tuberculosis patients Objective: 1) find out treatment outcome in HIV positive TB patients 2) Find out treatment outcome in HIV negative TB patients. 3) Compare both result and give the summary. Method: A community based longitudinal study was conducted. All the participant who visit to hospitals Tb & chest department and register for the tuberculosis treatment. We are conducting three visits to collect the result of TB treatment. Result: Out of 206 Tb patient 42 patients was HIV patient & 164 HIV negative patient. In HIV positive patients we are found 50% cure rate, 11.9% of failure & 0% defaulter. About HIV negative cure rate was 82.9%Failure rate 7.9% and defaulter 2.4%. Conclusion: Cure rate was not up to RNTCP data because we contain both HIV positive patient and HIV negative patient. We are work for decrease the deflators in HIV negative group.