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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 15, Issue 2, June 2015 pp 233-235

Research Article

Incidence of burn cases reported in tertiary care institute: A retrospective analysis

Ravi Rambhau Khandare

Associate Professor, Department of Surgery, Government Medical College, Akola, Maharashtra, INDIA.

Introduction: Burn is the second most common cause of death with mortality rate of 15.1 per year per 100,000 populations, in rural district, it constitutes for 23.3% of all medicolegal deaths. In Punjab state burn was found to be the second commonest cause of death (16.7%) while in Delhi, it was the fifth leading cause of death (6.1) of all unnatural deaths and it was 18.1% from the Beed district of Maharashtra. Aims and Objectives: To study the incidence of burn cases reported in tertiary care institute. Material and Method: The present retrospective descriptive study was conducted in the department of surgery at Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram. For the purpose of study retrospective data was collected from 1st April 1999 to 31st March 2003. All the patients who sustained burns and admitted to Kasturba Hospital during this period were included in this study. Total 114,074 admissions were done in the institute during the study period out of them 714 cases were of burn. The case records were obtained from the medical records department and details of the patients were recorded in the given standard proforma. Results: The incidence of burn was 0.84% of total hospital admissions and 3.65 % of total surgical admissions per year. Majority of the patients (53.64%) in the study were between 21 to 40 years of age. Male: Female sex ratio in the present study was 1:1.73. Most of the burn injuries were accidental (92.57%) followed by suicidal attempt (4.34%) and only 3.08% were homicidal burns. Out of 714 burn patients, 88.93% were flame burn. Maximum number of patients presented with burns 0-20% of TBSA (30.10%). Conclusion: The incidence of burn was 3.65% amongst total surgical patients while it was 0.84% of total hospital admissions. Young women were the most common sufferers of burns and accidental burn was the most common type.