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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 15, Issue 2, June 2015 pp 324-327
Effect of physical activity, exercise and diet in the control of type 2 diabetes mellitus
Mishra Indira Sushil1, J N Muneshwar2, S T Khan3
1Resident, 2Associate Professor, 3Professor and HOD, Department of Physiology, Government Medical College, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, INDIA.
Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a multifactorial metabolic disease associated with several conditions, including physical inactivity, genetic predisposition, poor nutrition, and obesity. Studies have shown that diet and exercise play an important role in the delay of development and control of type 2 diabetes. Aim: To assess the effect of diet, physical activity and exercise on the control of diabetes type 2 diabetes mellitus. Method: n=60 type 2 diabetic patients of either sex of age group between 35-50 years were enrolled from the Diabetic Clinic of GMCH, Aurangabad, Maharashtra. Lipid profile and HbA1C was done to assess the glycemic control and the complications related to diabetes. History regarding the dietary habits, physical activity and exercise was taken and was correlated with HbA1C and lipid profile. Result: The results of our study showed poor glycemic control and lipid derangement in patients who did not follow proper dietary habits and who had less physical activity/exercise schedules. Conclusion: Diet, lifestyle modification and exercise helps to control the progression of diabetes and its complications.