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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 15, Issue 2, June 2015 pp 238-240

Research Article

Study of correlation between risk factors and premalignant lesion of oral cavity in Indian population

Rajeshree Mahadeorao Chaurpagar(Khandare)

Assistant Professor, Department of ENT, Government Medical College, Akola, Maharashtra, INDIA.

Introduction: The association of carcinoma and of other oral lesions has been recognized for many years. These oral lesions which are in form of white plaques (leukoplakia) or bright red velvety plaques are ether present months to years prior to the onset of malignant changes. Objective: To study correlation between risk factors and premalignant lesion of oral cavity. Material and Methods: The present study has been conducted in the Department of E.N.T., S.S. Medical College and Associated G.M. Hospital, Rewa (M.P.) A total of 83 patients attending E.N.T. OPD during the study period of one year were included in the study. A detailed history was recorded and was investigated with routine blood examination, X-ray, Stool and Urine routine examination and finally biopsy, which was done-either as incisional or excisional biopsy with proper staining methods. Data analysis was done using proper statistical methods. Results: The maximum number of patients was in the 3rd decade of life (24.44%). Males were more commonly affected than females (M: F, 2.3:1). The most common site involved was buccal mucosa 64 cases (77.11%). The main addiction of cases was found to be tobacco chewing among 53 cases (63.86%) and association was found significant (p<0.005). Conclusion: Hence, younger age group with male predominance along with tobacco use were major risk factors for premalignant conditions of oral cavity.