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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 15, Issue 2, June 2015 pp 241-244
Study of various demographic factors associated with burn cases
Ravi Rambhau Khandare
Associate Professor, Department of Surgery, Government Medical College, Akola, Maharashtra, INDIA.
Introduction: Burn injury is very common and affects approximately one per cent of the general population every year. The vast majority of burn injuries are minor although painful. In contrast, a small number of individuals receive massive, deep burns that are accompanied by permanent disfigurement or death. Amis and Objective: To study of various demographic factors associated with burn cases reported in tertiary care institute. Materials and Method: The present retrospective descriptive study was conducted to study the various risk factors associated with burn patients. The study was conducted in the department of surgery at Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram. For the purpose of study retrospective data was collected from 1st April 1999 to 31st March 2003. All the patients who sustained burns and admitted to Kasturba Hospital during this period were included in this study. During the study period total 714 cases of burn were admitted in the institute. The case records were obtained from the medical records department and details of the patients were recorded in the given standard proforma. The details about age, sex, marital status, educational status, occupation and socioeconomic status were recorded. Detailed history including place, time of burn, nature and type of burn, and other relevant conditions were retrieved from the case records. Results: Most of the burn injuries were accidental (92.57%). 88.93% were flame burn. Maximum number of the patients presented within 6 hours of sustaining burn injury (58.6%). Maximum number of the patients was between 21 to 40 years of age (53.64%). Female: Male sex ratio in our study was 1.73: 1. 480 out of 714(67.23%) burn patients were married. Most of the patients in our study were uneducated (62.32%). Maximum numbers of patients in our study were housewives. 70.31% of the patients in our study were from low socio-economic status. Conclusion: Thus we conclude that accidental burn due to flames was the most common type of burn. Majority of the burn cases were young married women who were housewife. Illiteracy and lower socioeconomic status was also seen common in burn cases.