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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 15, Issue 3, July 2015 pp 483-485
A study of clinical profile of young hypertensives at tertiary care hospital in Kerala
Sundeep S*, Arun Raj C N**
*,**Associate Professor, Department of General Medicine, Travancore Medical College, Kollam-691589
Aims: To study the common symptoms at presentation, prevalence of target organ damages and the effect of risk factors like obesity, alcoholism, smoking, diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia in producing these complications among young hypertensives. Methods: This was a cross sectional study conducted in two hundred adult patients with hypertension who were aged below or equal to 40 years,admitted to the medical wards of Travancore Medical College hospital, Kollam. Statistical analysis was done using chi square test and guassian test wherever required. Results: In our study, among the young hypertensives, headache was the chief commonest complaint(34%).The commonest target organ damage involved were of cardiovascular system(37%).The prevalence of target organ damage among young hypertensives with risk factors like obesity, alcoholism, smoking, diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia were significantly higher, compared to young hypertensives without these risk factors. Conclusion: Headache was the common symptom of presentation among the young hypertensives. Of the target organ damages, those involving cardiovascular system were the most common. The prevalence of target organ damage among young hypertensives with risk factors, were significantly higher than young hypertensives without these risk factors.