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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 15, Issue 3, July 2015 pp 533-537
Morphometric study of posterior calcaneal articular surface of talus in Gujarati population
Mayankkumar Javia1, Chintan Lakhani2, Mital Patel3
1,2Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Gujarat Adani Institute of Medical Sciences (GAIMS), Bhuj- 370001, Gujarat, INDIA.
3Professor and HOD, Department of Anatomy, Shree M P Shah Government Medical College, Jamnagar, Gujarat, INDIA.
Introduction: Talus is the key bone of the human foot. It is unique in the sense that it has no muscular or tendinous attachments. In the present study various parameters and indices of posterior calcaneal articular surface of talus has been used to test their efficacy of sexual dimorphism. Aims: Aim of the present study was to establish normal range of values for various dimensions and indices of posterior calcaneal articular surface of talus in the studied population and to evaluate the sexual dimorphism for the same. Material and Method: Present study was conducted on 221 dry adult human talus obtained from the dead bodies donated to the Department of Anatomy, Shree M P Shah Government Medical College, Jamnagar. In this study length, breadth, depth, length breadth index and length depth index of posterior calcaneal articular surface of talus was used for the purpose of sexual dimorphism. Observations: In the present study length, breadth and depth of posterior calcaneal articular surface of talus were found to be larger in male as compared to female talus and the difference was statistically very highly significant. Among the indices calculated, length breadth index show statistically significant difference between male and female, while length depth index was not significant. Conclusion: Length, breadth, depth and length breadth index of posterior calcaneal articular surface of talus are the useful criteria for the sexual dimorphism of talus.