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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 15, Issue 3, July 2015 pp 554-556
Incidence of skin tumours and etiological factors associated with it
Professor and HOD, Department of Surgery, IMSR, Mayani, Satara, Maharashtra, INDIA.
Background: Malignant tumours of the skin are rare in India as compared to the other western countries like United States, United Kingdom, France, Switzerland and Eastern countries like Australia and Indonesia. In India geographical variation is seen, however overall skin tumours account for 1% of all cancers in India. Objective: Present study was done to note the incidence of malignant tumours of skin and to study different aetiological factors associated with it. Methods: The present study of 50 cases of malignant neoplasia of skin was carried out in the Department of Surgery, IMSR, Mayani, Satara, Maharashtra, during the period from Jan. 2014 to Dec. 2014. This study deals with the frequency and etiological factors associated with malignant skin neoplasm. In this study, it was tried to compare the data with the literature available from India and other countries. Results: Malignant skin neoplasia purely comprised of 3.5% of cancers at all sites. The malignant skin neoplasm occurred more commonly in 4th to 7th decade of life with male predilection, majority of patients under the study were relatively dark coloured and were exposed to sunlight for many hours of the sunny day. They were also exposed to trauma as they worked barefooted and hence majority of lesions occurred over head, neck and face region and lower extremity. Similarly certain patients who due to their occupation, were exposed to a particular type of neoplasm over a particular site depending upon the type of work, habit, custom, pigmentation of skin and environment in which they were habituated to live. Conclusions: In this study, an attempt has been made to project the status of frequency of skin neoplasm particularly in a rural population study group.