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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 15, Issue 3, July 2015 pp 626-630
A clinical study of blunt abdomen trauma
Surendra K Kala*, Ravi K Mathur**, Satyendra Pal Singh***
*Assistant Professor, **Professor, ***Professor, NIMS Medical, College, Hospital Jaipur, Rajasthan, INDIA.
Blunt abdominal trauma is one of the commonest cause of morbidity and mortality among all age group in modern era. Road traffic accidents, fall from height, assault are the common modes of blunt abdominal trauma. Identification of serious intra-abdominal pathology is often challenging. Many injuries may not manifest during initial assessment and treatment period. The aim of this study is rapid diagnosis work up, early decision and treatment to ensure patient survival to decrease mortality and morbidity. A retrospective analysis of 110 patients of blunt injury abdomen who were. Admitted at NIMS Medical College and Attached Hospital, Jaipur during three years was done. Demographic data, mechanism of injury, management and outcome were studied. Most of the patients in our study were in the age group of 21-30 years with the M:F ratio 3.23:1. Motor vehicle (72%) was the most common mechanism of injury. Liver (38.18%). Spleen (36.36%), Kidney (14.54%), small bowel, pancreas, mesenteric tear etc were in descending order Out of the 110 patients 58 were operated and rest treated conservatively. Mortality rate was 9%. Wound infection was a common complication.