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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 15, Issue 3, July 2015 pp 455-457

Research Article

Evaluation of cardiovascular risk factors in an urban location

Rakesh Thakuriya1, Eshan Sharma2, Kamal Kumar Jain3

1,2,3Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine, N.I.M.S Medical College and Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, INDIA.

Background: According to the World Health Report 2002, cardiovascular disease will be the commonest cause of death and disability in India by the year 2020. The increasing prevalence of diabetes in India as well as other developing countries has been mainly attributed to urbanization. Knowledge regarding the predisposing risk factors is an important step which can help in the modification of lifestyle behaviours favourable to optimal cardiovascular health. Objective: Present study was done to describe the cardiovascular risk factors of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidaemia and obesity in an urban location in India. Methods: This is a cross-sectional community based descriptive study done in an urban location over a period of 3 months. Mercury sphygmomanometer, Stethoscope, Weighing machine, Autoanalyzer, a predesigned questionnaire was used for collection of data from the study population. By random sampling, 300 individuals were included with equal number of males and females. Results: The prevalence of hypertension was 28.7% (males -26.7% and females 30.7%) and diabetes 18% (males -20% and females 16%). The proportion of subjects with raised Triglycerides was 29.3% (males -24.7% and females 34%), raised Total Cholesterol 28.7% (males 18.7% and females 38.7%) and decreased HDL 38.3% (males 32% and females 44.7%). As per Body mass index, 49% were overweight (males 49.3% and females 48.7%), about 20.3% were obese (Males 18.7% and females 22%). Conclusion: Cardiovascular risk factors of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidaemia and obesity were found to be highly prevalent in the urban location in our study and there is a need to create awareness and take appropriate action to prevent cardiovascular morbidity.