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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 16, Issue 1, Aug 2015 pp 29-33

Research Article

A study of knowledge on osteoporosis among peri –menopausal women in an urban slum area of Berhampur

Gurukrushna Mohapatra1, R M Tripathy2, Dhaneswari Jena3, Abinash Panda4, Jigyansa Mohapatra5, Parbati Kumari Swain6

{1Post Graduate Trainee, 2Professor and HOD, 3Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine}

{4Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacology} 6M.Sc Nursing Trainee, M.K.C.G. Medical College, Berhampur, Odisha, INDIA.

5Post Graduate Trainee, Department of Pharmacology, S.C.B. Medical College, Cuttack, Odisha, INDIA.

Background: Osteoporosis, a condition characterized by decreased bone strength, is prevalent among perimenopausal women as a major risk factors. world wide it causes more than 8.9 million fractures annually. Aims and Objectives: aimed to assess the knowledge on osteoporosis among peri menopausal women in urban slum area of southern Odisha Material and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study carried out in slum area of Berhampur, Odisha between September 2013 to February 2014. The study population include all the peri-menopausal women in the slum area. Sample size taken as 369. data was collected from a structured pre tested and pre designed questionnaire. The data was analysed SPSS version 16.0. p value less than 0.05 was taken to be statistically significant. Results and Conclusion: majority of the women (75%) were in the age group 51-60yr and (42%) of women had no formal education. By occupation 32% were daily labourer. As per average family income, 24% belonged to the income group of more than Rs.5000/- per month. regarding source 36% had known about osteoporosis from health personnel. About 48% opined that osteoporosis is a disease of bone. 72% women agreed old age to be a risk factor for it. 44% knew that back pain as a major symptom of the disease. Only 28% knew that calcium rich foods can prevent osteoporosis. The study shows limited knowledge on understanding of osteoporosis and it’s preventive measures suggested this as a evidence to be used for future correspondence. In the community : knowledge on osteoporosis among peri-menopausal women is very low and it is significantly associated with factors like age, occupation. The symptoms of osteoporosis submerged in the population like a tip of ice berg which is expressed only in the form of fracture or serious complications. Also the literacy does not make any difference as per our observation