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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 16, Issue 1, Aug 2015 pp 111-116
Comparative study of dermatoglyphic palmar interdigital patterns and finger ridge counts of cleft lip with or without cleft palate patients and isolated cleft palate patients with normal population
Siraz M Ausavi1, Bashir Khan2
1Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, MNR Medical College, Sangareddy, Telangana, INDIA.
2Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Shri Bhausaheb Hire Government Medical College, Dhule, Maharashtra, INDIA.
Introduction: Dermatoglyphic studies shows distinct variations in the patterns amongst the races, sexes, right and left hands of same individual, also mammals of different species. The main etiological factor of cleft lip and cleft palate is genetic in nature. The influences of genetic and environmental factors on early development are often reflected by the altered dermatoglyphics. Aims and Objectives: 1) To study the palmar dermatoglyphic patterns in cleft lip and cleft palate patients. 2) To compare the finger ridge counts of cleft lip and cleft palate patients with normal population. Material and Methods: The present study is a case control study carried out from Dec 2004 to Nov 2006. 86 cases of cleft lip with or without cleft palate and isolated cleft palate attending OPD of Govt. Medical College and Hospital, Miraj, Civil Hospital, Sangli, Aditya Burn and Plastic Surgery Hospital, Sangli and 100 controls with age and sex matched during the study period were included in study. The cases and controls divided in three groups: A (cleft lip with or without cleft palate); B (isolated cleft palate) and C (Controls). In this study, ‘STANDARD INK METHOD’ for obtaining the dermatoglyphic prints described by Cummins (1936) and Cummins and Midlo (1961) was used. The parameters studied among different groups were sex wise distribution, hereditary basis, Thenar, Hypothenar, interdigital patterns, Total finger ridge count (TFRC) and Absolute finger ridge count (AFRC). Appropriate statistical tests were applied like Mean, Standard Deviation (S.D.), standard Error (S.E.), Unpaired ‘t’ test of significance, for quantitative data, Chi-square’ test for qualitative data and ‘P’ value. Observations and Results: Out of 82 Patients, 50 Patients are having cleft lip with or without cleft palate defect, while 32 patients are having isolated cleft palate defect with female dominance. It was seen that percentage of total palmar patterns in group A was 25.4%, group B was 17.5% and in control group ‘C’ was 32.9%. There was significant difference in comparison of group ‘A’ and group ‘B’ TFRC with group ‘C’ except for females of group ‘A’. The difference observed for AFRC was statistically significant in the group ‘A’ and group ‘B’ when compared with group ‘C’ except in females of group ‘A’ Conclusion: Hence, we conclude that the finding of the present study can be useful to explore the possibility of dermatoglyphic association with the congenital cleft lip and cleft palate defects.