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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109

Volume 16, Issue 2, Sept 2015 pp 274-280

Research Article

A cross sectional study to assess health status of Zari workers in an urban slum of Mumbai, India

Sachin Divekar1, Sagar Pandey2, R N Kulkarni3

1,2Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Shri Vasantrao Naik Government Medical College, Yavatmal, Maharashtra, INDIA.

3Professor, Department of Community Medicine, T. N. M. C. and B.Y.L. Nairch. Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, INDIA.

Background: Zari making is a kind of occupation which comes under unorganized sector and most of these units are situated in slums. Zari workers suffer from a range of health problems. The workers have to work in a continuously sitting position which can account to various health related problems. Zari workers, less often approaches to health services for various reasons therefore despite a wide network of primary healthcare system, remain out of the coverage. Little has been published about the known or suspected health risk of worker employed in Zari work, despite the fact that this occupation is a way of livelihood for many people in underdeveloped areas. Objectives: To assess the health status and personal habits among the Zari workers. Association between the morbidity and working conditions, Method: The study was a cross-sectional epidemiological study. As there are approximately 300 Zari workers registered in United Zari Worker Union and we decide to take all the Zari workers registered in the union will be enrolled for the study The comparison of qualitative data was done using chi-square test. Results: Out of 300 workers 285(95%)of the Zari workers were males and Most of the Zari workers (71%) were from age group 20 – 40 years(71%). workers were addicted to nicotine product i.e. smoking (51%), tobacco (37%) and Gutkha (16.66%) while (31.33%) Zari workers were addicted to alcohol,56.67 percent Zari workers had needle prick injury. 74 percent workers had callosities on feet. 83.33 percent worked for 10 hrs or more whereas only 16.66 percent worked for less than 10 hours daily. Conclusion: Thus present study demonstrated that Zari workers were suffering from varied morbidities which were associated with their occupational environment. So regulation of their working environment and periodical medical examination of the workers should be done to improve their health status.