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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 16, Issue 2, Sept 2015 pp 283-284
Distribution of cases and outcome at orthopaedics inpatient department of a tertiary care hospital
Rajendra Sarode1, Ajay Kogta2
1,2Associate Professor, Department of Orthopaedics, Dr Ulhas Patil Medical College and Hospital, Jalgaon, Maharashtra, INDIA.
Background: The clinical workload of orthopaedic surgeons has increased tremendously and the number of emergency operations quadrupled in some parts of the world during the recent years. The rapid increase in orthopaedic cases has been attributed to the ageing population, ongoing changes in the environment, various technical advances and also due to the increased expectations of the public especially from the medical fraternity. Objective: The present study was done to study the distribution of cases and their outcome at orthopaedics inpatient department of a tertiary care hospital. Methods: The present clinical study was carried out at orthopaedics department of our tertiary care hospital. Study duration was from Jan 2014 to Dec 2014. Total of 2191 patients admitted in the orthopaedics ward during the study period were analyzed. Age and sex distribution of the patients, distribution of fracture pattern in study group and the outcome in the form of improvement, mortality, recovery or discharge against medical advice was described. Results: Most of the patients were between 20-50 years of age. The average age of study group was 41.53 years. There was a slight predominance of females with 51.21 percent patients being females. Non displaced Fracture of Tibia was the commonest fracture contributing 475 cases followed by 457 cases contributed by fracture femur including Supracondylar fracture femur and fracture of neck of femur. Outcome was good with 72.89% cases being discharged with much improvement in condition and 22.55% showing complete recovery. The proportion of patients who got discharge against medical advice was 3.88%. The mortality in our study population during the study period was 0.68%.