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International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, ISSN 2277-2812 E-ISSN: 2249-8109
Volume 16, Issue 2, Sept 2015 pp 294-295
Operative modalities used for various bone fractures and outcome: A descriptive study
Rajendra Sarode1, Rajesh V Patil2
1,2Associate Professor, Department of Orthopaedics, Dr Ulhas Patil Medical College and Hospital, Jalgaon, Maharashtra, INDIA.
Background: Long bone fractures are very common in our society; the most common bone involved has been reported to be tibia fracture. Over the years the treatment of these fractures has evolved from the non-operative functional brace casting to various advanced operative modalities. Objective: The present study was done to describe the operative modalities used for various bone fractures and the outcome at orthopaedics inpatient department of a tertiary care hospital. Methods: The present clinical study was carried out at orthopaedics department of our tertiary care hospital. Study duration was from Jan 2012 to Dec 2012. Total of 1586 patients admitted in the orthopaedics ward during the study period were analyzed. Age and sex distribution of the patients, distribution of fracture pattern in study group, operative modalities used for various bone fractures and the outcome at orthopaedics inpatient department of a tertiary care hospital was described. Results: Most of the patients were between 20-50 years of age. The average age of study group was 39.14 years. There was a predominance of females with a proportion of 55.42 percent. Fracture femur was the commonest fracture contributing 726 cases followed by 466 cases contributed by fracture Tibia. Conservative management with POP cast was done in 357 cases and closed reduction was done in 212 cases. Internal fixation was done in 355 cases, K wiring in 342 cases and open reduction with internal fixation was done in 135 cases. Outcome was good with 62.4% cases being discharged with much improvement in condition and 37.5% showing complete recovery. There was no mortality in our study population during the study period.